High volume low margin production goes to low cost countries. Equipment and skills available in US transition to higher margin value-added production. Even if manufacturers want to move production back to the US, investment in automation and appropriate talent is needed – and that’s not necessarily quick to pull off.
Dr. Susan Helper, an econ prof at Case Western, says that Apple can make more products in the US by relying more on robotics and specialized engineers instead of many low-wage line workers. Also needed are improvements in job training and supply-chain infrastructure.
Read more about the prospects of Apple manufacturing in the US in an article from the NY Times.
Image credit: https://static01.nyt.com/images/2019/02/02/business/02apple05/29apple05-articleLarge.jpg